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Word: Definition: Tags: Submitted By: Date Submitted:
bragger tokens Bragger tokens are earned each time a Coinbragger contributes to the website. Some ways to earn tokens are: adding coins, photos, and values of coins to our database. Adding information on countries' mints as well as adding glossary terms will also increase your total bragger tokens. More information Coinbragger mint Nicholas 2010-11-17
bag mark Flaws on the surface of a coin originating from contact with other coins while in a mint bag. mint bag Nicholas 2010-12-24
buck Buck is a slang term for a dollar or similar currency in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Philippines, Sri Lanka, South Africa and the United States. Nicholas 2010-12-21
blank Another name for a planchet, the unused piece of metal that is later stamped and turned into a coin. planchet Nicholas 2011-02-21
bullion Bullion usually refers to precious metals such as gold or silver before it has been minted into coins. bullion value Nicholas 2011-05-30
bullion value A coin's bullion value is the value of the metal used to make the coin. This is also known as a coin's intrinsic worth. intrinsic Nicholas 2011-05-30
bi-metallic A coin made of two metals(or 2 different metal alloys) bonded together. An example from our database can be seen here: 2 Pound Coin alloy Nicholas 2011-05-30
business strike A coin intended for general circulation. Nicholas 2011-05-30
bust A portrait on a coin, usually including the head, neck and upper shoulders. Nicholas 2011-05-30
B Mintmark of the cities of: Rouen (French coins 1852-1857), Hannover (German coins 1866-1873), Vienna, Austria (German coins during the Nazi occupation of that city, 1938-1945), Bologna (Italian coins1861-1946), Brussels, Belgium (on Netherlands coins), Breslau (Prussian coins1750-1820), Bern (Swiss coins). EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bacchus Greek god of the wine, also known in Greece as Dionysos, on old roman coins with a whine cup, and a panther (cougar) on the coins of emperor Gallienus (253-268) only the cougar is shown, together with the text LIBERO P. CONS. AVG. only a few emperors chose the sign of Bacchus. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bag A generic term for the cloth sacks in which coin are stored and transported. These came into use in the mid-nineteenth century and replaced wooden kegs for this purpose. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bag toning Coloring acquired from the bag in which a coin was stored. The cloth bags in which coins were transported contained sulfur and other reactive chemicals. When stored in such bags for extended periods, the coins near and in contact with the cloth often acquired beautiful red, blue, yellow and other vibrant colors. Sometimes the pattern of the cloth is visible in the toning; other times, coins have crescent-shaped toning because another coin was covering part of the surface, preventing toning. Bag EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bagattino Northern Italian denier, and token, first from the 13th on to the 16th century. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Baht Currency of Thailand 1 baht = 100 satang. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Baisa Currency of the Sultanate states of Oman and Muscat. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bajoire A token with two faces to each other, as picture on a coin this is often shown by the coins of Ferdinand and Isabella from Spain. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Balboa Currency of Panama, named after the explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa (+/- 1475-1519) EgCollector 2011-06-09
Balancier French name for the screw press. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Balance half merk Silver coin from Scotland issued during the time of James VI. The reverse shows a sword and a balance. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bank-wrapped rolls Rolls of coins that were wrapped at a Federal Reserve Bank from original Mint bags. Such rolls are often desirable to collectors because they have not been searched or "picked" by collectors or dealers. Sometimes abbreviated as OBW, for "original bank wrapped." EgCollector 2011-06-09
Banknote Paper money issued on the authority of a bank, as opposed to a private individual, business, or government department. The term was in common use as a generic word for all kinds of paper money, but this usage has now been phased out (especially in America) in favor of the word "currency". EgCollector 2011-06-09
Barber coinage Common name for the Charles Barber designed Liberty Head dimes, quarters, and half dollars struck from 1892 until 1916 (1915 for the half dollar). EgCollector 2011-06-09
Barre Jean Jacques (1793-1855) die cutter for the coins of Louis Philippe and Lodewijk Napoleon. Also the engraver for the French notes of the Bank the France. EgCollector 2011-06-09
basal state The condition of a coin that is identifiable only as to date mint mark (if present), and type; one-year-type coins may not have a date visible. EgCollector 2011-06-09
basal value The value base from which Dr. William H. Sheldon's 70-point grade/price system started; this lowest-grade price was one dollar for the 1794 large cent upon which he based his system. EgCollector 2011-06-09
baseball cap coin Slang for a Pan-Pac commemorative gold dollar coin. The figure wears a cap similar to a baseball cap. EgCollector 2011-06-09
basining The process of polishing a die to impart a mirrored surface or to remove clash marks or other injuries from the die. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Batz Silver coin from Switzerland with the value of 1/3th taler or 4 Kreutzer. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bawbee A Scottish coin made of bullion, a very low silver coin, later replaced with copper. The value was 6 Scottish pennies or a half English penny. EgCollector 2011-06-09
BB Mintmarks for the Strasbourg mint. EgCollector 2011-06-09
beaded border Small, round devices around the edge of a coin, often seen on early U.S. coins. These were replaced by dentils. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Becker Carl Wilhelm (1772-1830) a very well known coin falser, he reproduced antique coins in large sums, the coins look even too perfect and are very hard to define from the original. His working period was from 1815-1825, many of his dies are shown in the Berlin Coin and token cabinet. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Begeer Dutch coin a medal cutter. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Beiersgulden Gold gulden with Johannes the Baptist on its front, issued bij Jan van Beieren (1420-1425) ruler of a part of Holland. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Belga Currency counting unit used in Belgium, 1 belga = 5 francs, used from 1926 until 1946. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bezemstuiver Also known as stuiver, a very popular coin in the Netherlands first issue was in 1619 till late 18th century. EgCollector 2011-06-09
BG Gold Term sometimes applied to California fractional gold coins as encompassed in the Breen-Gillio reference work titled California Pioneer Fraction Gold, including additional discoveries. EgCollector 2011-06-09
BI monogram Mintmark for the city of Birmingham, England, on Italian coins of the 1800's. The "B" and "I" are superimposed. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bid The buying quotation of a coin either on a trading network, pricing newsletter, or other medium. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bidder Either the dealer issuing a quotation on one of the electronic trading systems or a participant in an auction. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bidder number The number assigned by auction houses to the various participants in their auction. In the past, codes or nom de plumes were also commonplace at sales. EgCollector 2011-06-09
BIE A lincoln cent error caused by a die break between the "B" and the "E" in Liberty, giving the appearance of "BIE". EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bifrons This is the name for coin where 2 faces are on one side, for example the god Janus, on roman coins. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bigatus Silver coin of the Roman Empire with on the reverse a biga = kart with 2 horses, and the goddess of victory. The coins are minted from 217 until 64 BC. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Billon An alloy of very low, and often indeterminate, silver content. Billon usually has a silver fineness of less than .500 fine. Thus, US "wartime nickels" (.350 fine) can be said to be made of billon. Many German and Dutch predecimal coins are made of billon, as were ancient Roman coins of the late Empire. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Binio A double Aureus from the Roman Empire, minted under Caracalla (198-217) EgCollector 2011-06-09
Birr The preferred name for the Ethopian dollar; divided into 100 santeem (or cents). EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bit A colloquial name for a "real", one-eighth of a Spanish dollar. The name derives from the tendency to chop Spanish dollars into pieces when small change was scarce. The term survives in the common American expression "two bits", meaning a quarter dollar. The "bit" was also a minor currency unit used in the Danish West Indies (now the US Virgin Islands): there were 5 bits to a cent. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bfr Belgium Franks, Belgium currency before the euro came in 2002. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Blacksmiths Forgeries of English copper coins of King George III, made in Canada, they got the name after a blacksmith who started to make them for own profit. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Blanc Name for silver coins from the 14th to 16th century with a high silver value. EgCollector 2011-06-09
blended A term applied to an element of a coin (design, date, lettering, etc.) that is worn into another element or the surrounding field. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Blondeau Pierre, French coin novice that was one of the inventors of the screw press. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bluebook A blue-cover, wholesale pricing book for United States coins issued on a yearly basis. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bluesheet Slang for the Certified Coin Dealer Newsletter. EgCollector 2011-06-09
BM The designation BM refers to "Branch Mint," meaning any US Mint other than Philadelphia. You will usually find this designation used to describe Branch Mint Proof coins, such as the 1879-O BM Proof Morgan dollar, 1893-CC BM Proof Morgan dollar, etc. EgCollector 2011-06-09
BN Short for Brown EgCollector 2011-06-09
body bag Slang term for a coin returned from a grading service in a plastic sleeve within a flip. The coin referred to is a no-grade example and was not graded or encapsulated. Coins are no-grades for a number of reasons, such as questionable authenticity, cleaning, polishing, damage, repair, and so on. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Boeket tokens - Bouquet Sou Tokens from the bank of Montreal and Banque du Peuple, called so because the flowers on the front side. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bogash Copper coin from the republic of Yemen, 40 Bogash is 1 Ryal. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bolivar Currency of Venezuela, 1 Bolivar = 100 centimos, the name Bolivar comes from the south American freedom fighter Simon Bolivar (1783-1830). EgCollector 2011-06-09
Boliviano The primary currency unit of Bolivia; there are 100 centavos to the boliviano. The name of this unit (and the country) derives from Simon Bolivar, liberator and independence leader. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bonk Emergency currency in the Dutch East Indies made from 1796 until 1818, made from Japanese copper bars with two dies on both sides, one side the year, and the other side the value. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bonnet Piece Golden coin of Scotland, equal to a ducat, first issued in 1539, and it was the first Scottish coin known with a date on it. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Borotinki Small Polish coins of bad quality, made in 1649-1660, named after the Polish mint master Titus Livius Borotinki. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bourse Term synonymous with coin show. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bourse floor The physical area where a coin show takes place. EgCollector 2011-06-09
boy wonder Slang name for a young coin dealer who bursts upon the numismatic scene and quickly becomes a top flight dealer. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Br Belgium Franks, Belgium currency before the euro came in 2002. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Braamse A one side hammered coin of the province of Overijsel (the Netherlands), 64 braamse is one stuiver. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bracteate A very thin coin, struck with only one die, with the main obverse design shown in mirror-image and incuse on the reverse. It looks similar to a brockage, but a bracteate was intentionally struck that way, nd is not a mint error. Bracteate pfennigs were common in mediaeval Germany. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Braided Hair Style of hair on half cents and large cents from 1840 onward consisting of hair pull back into a tight bun with a braided hair cord. EgCollector 2011-06-09
branch mint One of the various subsidiary government facilities that struck, or still strikes, coins. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Brasher Dubloon Very rare American coin from 1787, made by Ephram Brasher. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Braspenning Silver coin of 2 and later 2 groot (great) first time issued by Jan zonder Vrees (Jan without Fear) 1404-1419 in Vlaanderen at 1409. EgCollector 2011-06-09
breast feathers The central feathers seen on numerous eagle designs. Fully struck coins usually command a premium and the breast feathers are usually the highest point of the reverse. (They are the most deeply recessed area of the die, so metal sometimes does not completely fill the breast feather area, usually because of insufficient striking pressure. Incorrectly spaced or lapped dies will also cause "striking" weakness.) EgCollector 2011-06-09
Breen Slang for the late Walter Breen. Often heard in context of Breen letter, Breen said, Breen wrote, and so on. A controversial personal life has dimmed the impact Breen had on numismatics. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Breen Book Slang for Walter Breen's magnum opus, Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Coins, published in 1988. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Breen letter A document, usually one page, written or typed by Walter Breen giving his opinion on a particular numismatic item. Before certification, this was the usual method employed by collectors and dealers desiring to sell an esoteric item such as a branch-mint Proof, early Proof, and so on. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Breen-Gillio Numbering system base on the book on California fraction gold coins by Walter Breen and Ron Gillio titled California Pioneer Fraction Gold. EgCollector 2011-06-09
brilliant A coin with full luster, unimpeded by toning, or impeded only by extremely light toning. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Brilliant Uncirculated A generic term applied to any coin that has not been in circulation. It often is applied to coins with little "brilliance" left, which properly should be described as simply Uncirculated. BU EgCollector 2011-06-09
British Armed Forces Special Vouchers (BAFSV) Currency for use within the British military, equivalent to the US Military Payment Certificates (MPCs). BU EgCollector 2011-06-09
Broadstrike Coin struck without a collar, thus when the coin is struck the metal is allowed to expand and increase in diameter. May be centered or uncentered, but must not have any missing lettering or design detail. BU EgCollector 2011-06-09
Broat Golden English coin from 1656, minted under Cromwell during the Commonwealth (1649-1660) with the weight of 9,1 grams 900/1000 fine. BU EgCollector 2011-06-09
brockage A brockage is a Mint error, an early capped die impression where a sharp incused image has been left on the next coin fed into the coining chamber. Most brockages are partial; full brockages are rare and the most desirable form of the error. BU EgCollector 2011-06-09
Broken Bank Notes Common term for private bank paper money issued in the USA prior to 1865. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bronze An alloy of copper, tin and zinc, with copper the principal metal. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Brown The term applied to a copper coin that no longer has the red color of copper. There are many "shades" of brown color - mahogany, chocolate, etc. (abbreviated as BN when used as part of a grade). EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bu Japanese gold and silver coins minted in the period of 1573-1860. EgCollector 2011-06-09
BU rolls Wrapped coins (usually in paper) in specific quantities for each denomination. Fifty for cents, forty for nickels, fifty for dimes, forty for quarters, and so on. EgCollector 2011-06-09
buckled die A die that has "warped" in some way, possibly from excess clashing, and that produces coins which are slightly "bent." This may be more apparent on one side and occasionally apparent only on one side. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Budju Small silver coin from Algeria, from the 19th century first in 1808-1830, they had a value of 24 kopper mazunas. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Buffalo nickel Slang for the Indian Head nickel struck from 1913 to 1938. The animal depicted is an American Bison. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bulged die A die that has clashed so many times that a small indentation is formed in it. Coins struck from this die have a "bulged" area. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bullion coin A legal tender coin that trades at a slight premium to it's melt value. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bun Popular name for the bronze pennies of queen Victoria of England made from 1860 till 1894. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Burgundies guilder See Andries gulden. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Burnished This word has two distinct meanings in the world of numismatics, so you have to consider the context in order to discern the correct meaning. The word "burnished" can refer to specially prepared planchets (usually 18th century) that were used for specimen coins or other special coins of the era. These planchets were burnished at the Mint prior to the striking of the coin. As a second meaning, "burnished" can refer to any coin that was abrasively cleaned after it left the Mint, and the word is of EgCollector 2011-06-09
burnishing A process by which the surfaces of a planchet or a coin are made to shine through rubbing or polishing. This term is used in two contexts - one positive, one negative. In a positive sense, Proof planchets are burnished before they are struck - a procedure done originally by rubbing wet sand across the surfaces to impart a mirror like finish. In a negative sense, the surfaces on repaired and altered coins sometimes are burnished by various methods. In some instances, a high-speed drill with some EgCollector 2011-06-09
burnishing lines Lines resulting from burnishing, seen mainly on open-collar Proofs and almost never found on close-collar Proofs. These lines are incuse in the fields and go under lettering and devices. EgCollector 2011-06-09
burnt Slang for a coin that has been over-dipped to the point were the surfaces are dull and lackluster. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Bust dollar Slang for silver dollars struck from 1795-1803. (Those dated 1804 were first struck in 1834 for inclusion in Proof sets. Those Proofs dated 1801, 1802, and 1803 were also struck at dates later than indicated.) EgCollector 2011-06-09
Butut Smallest currency unit of Gambia, struck sinds 1971, there are coins known of 1, 5 and 10 butut. EgCollector 2011-06-09
bullion round A precious metal such as silver, gold, platinum or palladium that has been shaped to resemble a coin. Bullion rounds are frequently made by private companies to resemble past or present legal tender. bullion bullion value Nicholas 2011-07-23

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