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Word: Definition: Tags: Submitted By: Date Submitted:
assay To analyze and determine the purity of metal such as silver, gold or platinum. assayer Nicholas 2010-11-17
assayer A person who assays metals to determine the purity present. Nicholas 2010-11-17
ANACS Abbreviation for American Numismatic Association Certification Service. ANACS is the oldest of the major coin grading companies. Third Party Grading grade Nicholas 2010-12-24
alloy Two or more metals combined. "Cupronickel" is an alloy of copper and nickel. Nicholas 2011-02-21
ASE Acronym for "American Silver Eagle" a 1 ounce silver coin minted yearly by the United States Mint since 1986. AGE Nicholas 2011-02-21
AGE Acronym for "American Gold Eagle" a 1 ounce gold coin minted yearly by the United States Mint since 1986. There are also 1/2 oz., 1/4 oz. and 1/10 oz. gold eagle coins. ASE Nicholas 2011-02-21
annealing Annealing is the process of heating a planchet in order to make the metal more malleable. Coin planchets are annealed to make the stamping process easier during production. planchet Nicholas 2011-02-21
altered The intentional modification of a coin after it has been minted. colorized toning Nicholas 2011-05-30
A Mintmark of the cities of: Vienna (Austrian coins) Paris (French coins), Berlin (German, East German and Prussian coins), Alamos (Mexican coins). EgCollector 2011-06-09
AA Mintmarks for the French coins minted in Metz from the period 1662-1793. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Abacus Greek for table or plate used for counting. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Abbasi A Persian silver coin named at the Sjah of Persia Abbas I the great, ruler from 1587-1629, the coin is also known as rial. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Abidi Coin from India, value of a half rupee from Mysore, a state in the south of India, this coin was issued in 1786, before the English occupied this state. EgCollector 2011-06-09
About Good The grade AG-3. The grade of a coin that falls short of Good. Only the main features of the coin are present in this grade. Peripheral lettering, date, stars, etc. sometimes are partially worn away. EgCollector 2011-06-09
About Uncirculated Alternate of Almost Uncirculated. EgCollector 2011-06-09
abrasions Area(s) of a coin where a foreign object or another coin has displaced metal in an abraded fashion. Similar to a bag mark but usually on the high points or open fields and not as deep or acute as the former. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Afghani Coin nomination from Afghanistan, used sinds 1926. From 1926-1931 in silver, after that in nickel steel struck. EgCollector 2011-06-09
AG-3 This is for "About Good" (the grade) and "3" (the corresponding numerical designation). Most of the lettering on the coin is readable, but there is moderately heavy wear into the rims. This grade is frequently found on Barber coins where the obverse is fully Good (or better) but the reverse is heavily worn. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Actual Gold Weight This refers to the amount of pure gold in a coin, medal or bar. Any alloys are part of the gross weight of a gold coin, but not part of the AGW. AGW EgCollector 2011-06-09
Aka Small golden coin from Ceylon (Sri Lanka) made in the 9th and 10th century on the front is the goddess Lakshmi with a flower vase. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Albertusdaalder Also known as patagon, coin struck for the south Netherlands first struck in 1612. EgCollector 2011-06-09
album friction Similar to album slide marks, though the friction may be only slight rubbing on the high points. EgCollector 2011-06-09
album slide marks Lines, usually parallel, imparted to the surface of a coin by the plastic "slide" of an album. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Albus In the Rhine states in Germany well known name for coins of almost pure silver from the 14th till the 18th century. The coin system in the Rein states was based on this type until the Thaler came, and took over the system. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Almost Uncirculated The grades AU50, 53, 55, and 58. A coin that on first glance appears Uncirculated but upon closer inspection has slight friction or rub. AU EgCollector 2011-06-09
Altun A Turkish coin first time issued in 1454 during the ruling of Muhammad II EgCollector 2011-06-09
Amani Golden coin from Afghanistan, struck between 1919 and 1936 in weight and gold same as the British pound, there are also , 2 and 5 Amani pieces. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Ambrosino Milanese (Italy) golden and silver coins struck in a short period of the Ambrosian republic from 1302-1310. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Amulet(ten) Coins or tokens who have believed to have a magical value, very known in china and related territories. EgCollector 2011-06-09
American Numismatic Association A non-profit numismatic organization founded in 1888 for the advancement of numismatics. ANA EgCollector 2011-06-09
ancients General term for coins of the world struck circa 600 B.C. to circa 450 A.D. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Andreasducat Russian golden coins struck during the period of Peter the Great 1682-1725. Also struck during the time of Elizabeth I from Russia during 1741-1762. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Angel Very nice golden coins struck by Edward the 4th of England, on the front side Michal fighting the dragon, struck sinds 1465. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Angelet or half angel This coin was in circulation till 1619. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Angelot French coin similar like the angel, minted in 1427 at mint houses in Paris, Saint-L and Le Mans. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Anchor money opular name for English coins struck for the use on Mauritius, in Canada West Indies and Ceylon. The inscription is COLONIR: BRITAIN: MONET: EgCollector 2011-06-09
Anna Name for the old Indian coins, in later times it went to 1/16 th of a rupee. 1 Anna = 4 pysas or 12 pie. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Antoninianus A roman coin first from silver, later a mix of silver and other materials issued by the roman emperor Marinus Aurelius Antonius also known as Caracalla in 214 AD it was a double dinarius between 4.7 and 5.3 grams. The coin is easy to recognize by the radiate crown around the head of the emperor. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Anvil The mint mark of the Dutch mint master Ir. J. de Jong, mint master of the Royal Dutch mint from 1980-1987. EgCollector 2011-06-09
anvil die The lower die, usually the reverse – although on some issues with striking problems, the obverse was employed as the lower die. Because of the physics of minting, the fixed lower-die impression is slightly better struck than the upper-die impression. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Apfelgulden Apfelgulder, golden guilder from the Rhineland from the 15th and 16th century named for the cross and apple on its front. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Aqueduct (mintmark) Mintmark for the city of Segovia on Spanish coins, normally resembling a curved-top "M" with a second, smaller flat-top "M" above it. The mark is taken from the old Roman aqueduct that forms a prominent landmark in the city. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Argenteus Silver roman coin who was introduced by the Emperor Diocletian in 294 AD and struck until 310 AD. The weight is 3.4 grams EgCollector 2011-06-09
Argentino Golden coin from Argentina with the value of 5 pesos, struck from 1881-1889 and 1896. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Ariary The currency unit of Madagascar. It is a unitary currency, having no fractional units except for the transitional "iraimbilanja", worth 1/5th of an ariary or 1 old French colonial franc. The name derives from a local word meaning a silver dollar. EgCollector 2011-06-09
arrows Design element usually found in the left (viewer's right) claw of the eagle seen on many United States coins. After 1807, there usually were three arrows while prior to that time the bundle consisted of numerous ones. EgCollector 2011-06-09
arrows and rays Term referring to the quarters and half dollars of 1853. The rays were removed in 1854 because of striking difficulties presented by the busy design. EgCollector 2011-06-09
arrows at date Term referring to the arrows to the left and right of the date, added to the dies to indicate a weight increase or decrease. EgCollector 2011-06-09
artificial toning Coloring added to the surface of a coin by chemicals and/or heat. Many different methods have been employed over the years. EgCollector 2011-06-09
As Roman coin unit that is related to the As Libra, a coin that is used a verry long time in the roman empire. EgCollector 2011-06-09
ask The selling quotation of a coin either on a trading network, pricing newsletter, or other medium. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Assignat French paper money from the late 1700's; one of the earliest occasions of hyperinflation caused by overissue of notes. EgCollector 2011-06-09
At Currency of Laos. 100 At = 1 Kip. EgCollector 2011-06-09
ATB Acronym for America the Beautiful refering to the US quarter series started in 2010. Also referred to as National Park quarters. ATB EgCollector 2011-06-09
Att Copper coin minted in Thailand from 1874-1905. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Attributes The elements that make up a coin's grade. The main ones are marks (hairlines for Proofs), luster, strike, and eye appeal. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Attribution The next step beyond "identification", it is the process of fully describing and classifying the particular type and variety of coin. For example, a large American silver coin would be identified as a "Morgan Dollar 1886 P", but attributed as a "VAM-17 doubled arrows" variety. EgCollector 2011-06-09
AU-50 This is for "About Uncirculated" (the grade) and "50" (the numerical designation of that grade). Also called "Almost Uncirculated-50." This is the lowest of the four AU grades, with the others being AU53, AU55, and AU58. Between 50% and 100% of the surfaces will exhibit luster disturbances, and perhaps the only luster still in evidence will be in the protected areas. The high points of the coin will have wear that is easily visible to the naked eye. AU-50 EgCollector 2011-06-09
AU-53 This is for "About Uncirculated" (the grade) and "53" (the numerical designation of that grade). Also called "Almost Uncirculated-53." There is obvious wear on the high points with light friction covering 50-75% of the fields. There are noticeable luster breaks, with most of the luster still intact in the protected areas. AU-53 EgCollector 2011-06-09
AU-55 This is for "About Uncirculated" (the grade) and "55" (the numerical designation of that grade). Also called "Almost Uncirculated-55." There is slight wear on the high points with minor friction in the fields. Luster can range from almost nonexistent to virtually full, but it will be missing from the high points. The grade of "Choice AU" equates to AU55. AU-55 EgCollector 2011-06-09
AU-58 This is for "About Uncirculated" (the grade) and "58" (the numerical designation of that grade). Also called "Almost Uncirculated-58." There is the slightest wear on the high points, even though it may be necessary to tilt the coin towards the light source to see the friction. In many cases the reverse of an AU58 coin will be fully Mint State. Less than 10% of the surface area will show luster breaks. The grade of "Borderline Unc" equates to AU58. AU-58 EgCollector 2011-06-09
auction An offering of coins for sale where the buyer must bid against other potential buyers, as opposed to ordering from a catalog, price list, or advertisement at a set price. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Augustalis Golden coin from Kaiser Friedrich II as king of sicily minted in 1231 at Messina and Brindisi with a weight of 5,24 grams. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Aureus An ancient Roman gold coin, tariffed at 25 denarii or 100 sestertii. Replaced by the solidus in 309 AD. EgCollector 2011-06-09
authentication The process of determining the genuineness of a coin or other numismatic item. EgCollector 2011-06-09
Avo Currency of Macao, a portugese colony in the east indies, and at East Timor, (Indonesia) 100 avo = 1 pataca EgCollector 2011-06-09
alignment Coins have two alignments: coin alignment and medal alignment. This refers to how the obverse and reverse are positioned to each other. Coins aligned using coin alignment are minted with the reverse rotated 180 degrees (upside down) from the obverse. Medal aligned coins are not rotated. See our article on alignment for more information coin alignment medal alignment obverse reverse Nicholas 2011-08-01

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